The Flora Diversity can be categorised into three subheads such as the wild and indigenous, are found in natural forests and other natural ecosystems, they offer a variety of products and services to mankind which includes medicines, non-wood forest produces. Second is the Indigenous and cultivated plant varieties were once common in our agriculture fields. The indigenous varieties were replaced by the exotic crops along with the weed and pests which form the third category which is exotic, yet cultivated or wild. The boasts of the evergreen forest is another reason why Kerala is referred to as the “God’s own country”. Kerala has got coastal planes, brackish lagoons, parallel lakes, in turn, the forests place host to such major fauna as the Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Leopard and grizzled giant squirrel. More common species include the India porcupine, chital, sambar, the grey langur and the common palm civet.
Visit Kerala and not visit the famous national parks, not a good idea. Kerala includes national parks such as Eravikulam National Park, Silent Valley National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park, Matthiketan Shola National Park, Pampadum Shola National Park, etc. Here are the five famous national parks which are considered to be the must-visit parks of Kerala:
- Eravikulam National Park: This park is considered to be one of the largest national parks in the state. It was first established as a wildlife park in 1975 but now was known as the roof of Kerala and is basically situated in the Idukki district. The most amazing time to visit this park is from the mid of September to March because you will be able to see the endangered species like Nilgiri Tahr and the wild goat because they are considered to be the most popular attraction here.
- Silent Valley National Park: The best to visit this park is from September to March and is considered to be an evergreen forest. It was declared as a national park in 1984. It is home to several endangered species such as the lion-tailed Macaque. Elephants, Panthers, tigers, gaur sambhar and a number of tiny plants and vegetation are found in the region.
- Anamudi Shola National Park:. This immaculate forest does offer tea plantations as well and you might find some of the rare species here as well. One of the major attractions here is Thoovanan waterfalls and is also considered to be the best national park. You can visit this amazing park in the month of October till March and it is only 45 kilometres away from Munnar.
- Matthiketan Shola National Park: In the month November and the year 2003 this park was declared as a national park and is situated in poop para village of Idukki district and this area is fully blessed with unique ecology, geomorphology and flora and fauna and is considered to be the part of cardamom Hill reserve.
- Pampadum Shola National Park: This park was first notified as the national park in the year 2004 and is considered to be the smallest national park in the state and is basically situated in Marayoor village of Idukki District. The best period to visit this park is from January to March. The rugged terrains of this national park are covered with tropical evergreen forests. Ecotourism facilities like trekking and night camping are allowed in the region.
Kerala is affluent in biodiversity and extremely rich in landscape beauty, and is the most famous tourist destination in South India and is surely worth a visit. So, do visit the national park by grabbing the exciting Kerala Tour Packages