Beyond the cold talks – the underlying Chinese threat to India
A China-India war implies an attacking Chinese force and a shielding Indian force since India does not assert expansive parts of China.
In spite of a well-known discernment, 1962 war was not an Indian defeat if the vital land possession is considered. Actually, it was not even a war in a genuine sense as no flying corps or naval force was utilised by either side. In 1962, India did not have a positive motivation, it tried to prick the Chinese under the false impression that Chinese likewise need peace. Aksai Chin was at that point under Chinese control, and the Chinese approved of Arunachal Pradesh being a piece of India. In any case, China was constantly anxious that India may enable Tibet to recover freedom, and it needed to mentally crush India through a little military triumph that will reinforce its predominance.
In the eight months paving the way to the breakout of the main battle in October 1962, China was occupied with moving heavy gunnery and particular troops deployed in Taiwan and Korea to Tibet. China could move its troops from these areas as US guaranteed China that it won’t intrude in undertakings amongst Taiwan and China. Realising that the Indian armed force was extremely experienced, and had senior officers who had battled the Nazis in the second World war, the Chinese needed their best assets and men for the war. Over that, they arranged their strike exceptionally well. Realising that notwithstanding being a socialist nation USSR will bolster India and not China and that the USA may likewise venture into as India’s guide, the Chinese attacked when the US and USSR were occupied with the Cuban missile emergency.
Under the hope that US and Russia will come to its assistance, India did not focus on developing any military capability while knowing that China was preparing for a war. India’s PM of that time, Jawaharlal Nehru was known to a very naive person, especially in military matters. He had appointed his close friend Lt. Gen. BM Kaul as Chief of General Staff of the Indian army, leading to a politicization of the Indian army. On top of that Nehru believed that India, being a peace loving nation did not need an army and police will be enough for any internal disturbances. All this lead to 12,000 Indian troops facing the Chinese PLA force of over 80,000 which had much superior artillery and even some armored units. Toward the end of the war, the Chinese had pushed 20 kms into NEFA in south, but stopped at the marked border in Aksai Chin in the west. The border town of Tawang in NEFA. However, the Chinese completely withdrew from NEFA, citing reasons that they wanted peace. Even though the area captured was only 20kms the Chinese, like today, had always claimed that NEFA was part of South Tibet, hence part of China by default. By withdrawing from the only area they had captured it is unknown why 1962 is known as a Chinese ‘victory’ and India’s ‘humiliating defeat’.
The real reason for the with-drawl was that ahead of NEFA, lay highly fortified positions of the Indian army, and better sense seemed to be prevailing on Nehru to utilize India’s much superior air force. On top of that, USA had dispatched a carrier battle group to provide air support to India and started to air rush war supplies.
Hence, continuing the war would not have made any sense for China, as their objective of teaching India a lesson, so that it never interferes with Tibet, was achieved.
China is no longer a friend
The 1962 war hit the India polity like a hammer. The peace loving nation finally realised that to be taken seriously in geopolitics, a country needs to have a strong military, and China was no longer a friend. The Indian army was doubled in size in 2 years, it setup training schools for specialised troops in mountain warfare, the defence budget was tripled, and the Indian army along with Air Force and Navy went through an entire revamp in it organization, training, and combat. Thanks to this Chinese ‘lesson’, India beat a superior Pakistan military in 1965, and utterly wiped out them in 1971. Since then the Indian military has not lost one battle whereas partaking in many conflicts in Jammu and Kashmir, Sri Lanka, North East and global organization operations.
Fast forward to 2017. an equivalent factor that stopped the Chinese advances in 1962, exist nowadays however right at the border. The border city of Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh could be a defence, defences of that, ejection a military science nuclear attack, are terribly laborious to penetrate. The air force features a lot higher range of forward bases with additional front-line craft than China will field. Indian army has a lot of powerful artillery, not even reckoning the long vary weapons like BrahMos or military science flight missiles like Prithvi. To high it off, there are ten mountain divisions, totalling 150000 troopers, that are thought-about by several to be the most effective mountain troops within the world.
While U.S. and Russian support are not any longer there, it’s not required to the extent required in 1962, once India even asked for U.S. fighter pilots.
The PLA beyond question has conjointly advanced too and is far larger. But, although they post each single of its a pair of 0.3 million troopers to the border they’ll not have the 1:6 numerical advantage that they had in 1962. Nowadays even reaching 1:2 are not possible, as India features a lot of higher range of reserve troopers than China and has four massive para-military forces.
Also, the PLA has no game changer arm just like the serious artillery that they had in 1962. The sport changer weapons of nowadays, like rail guns, lasers, air artillery, and fifth generation craft are solely possessed by the U.S.
If China has 155mm artillery, India has them too. If China has long vary rocket launchers, India has them too. If China has Russia’s S-300, India has them too. If China has Russian Su-27s and Su-35s, India has them too (Su-30MKIs an advanced version of Su-27). If China has short range ballistic missiles, India has them too. If China has ICBM’s, India has them too. If China has MIRV warheads, India has them too. If China has nuclear warheads, India has them too. If China has anti-ballistic missile system, India has them too.
If China has the willpower to use all the weapons at their disposal, under its current leadership India has the willpower too.
Hence, right now it is highly unlikely for India to lose a war where it is defending its territory against Chinese invasion.
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